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PARAMILITARY AND RESERVED FORCES IN INDIA

GK

INDO-Tibetan Border Police(ITBP)

  •  It was established in 1962, after the Chinese attack.
  •  It is basically employed in the Northern borders for monitoring the borders and also to stop smuggling and illegal immigration.

National Security Guards (NSG)

  • It was established is 1984.
  • It has been established to counter the surge of militancy in the country.
  • It is a highly trained force which deals with the militants effectively.

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

  • It was set-up in 1969 after the recommendations of Justice B. Mukherji.
  • Its objective is to monitor the industrial complexes of Central Government.

Assam Rifles

  • It was established in 1835 and is the oldest paramilitary force in the country.
  • Its main objective is to keep vigilance of international borders in North East and countering insurgency operations in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland.

Border Security Force (BSF)

  •  It was established in 1965.
  •  It keeps a vigil over the international borders against the intrusion in the country.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

  •  It was set-up in 1939.
  •  Its main objective is to assist the State / Union Territory Police in maintenance of law and order.
  •  The 88th Battalion of CRPF, known as ‘Mahila Battalion’ (commissioned on March 30, 1986) is the world’s first paramilitary force comprising entirely of women.

National Cadet Corps (NOC)

  •  It was established in 1948.
  •  Its main objective is to stimulate interest among the youth in the defence of the country in order to build up a reserve man power to expand armed forces.

Territorial Army (TA)

  •  It was established in 1948.
  •  It is a voluntary, part-time force (between 18 and 35 years), not professional soldiers, but civilians, who wish to assist in defence of the country.

Home Guards

  •  It was established in 1962, to assist the police in maintaining security, to help defence forces and to help local authorities in case of any eventuality.

Coast guard

  •  It was set-up in 1978.
  •  Its objective is to protect the maritime and other national interests in the maritime zones of India.

Intelligence Bureau (IB)

  •  It was set-up in 1920.
  •  Its objective is the collect secret information relating to country’s security.
  •  It was originally set-up as Central Special Branch (CSB) in 1987 and renamed IB in 1920.

Central Bureau Of Investigation (CBI)

  •  It was established in 1953.
  •  Its objective is to investigate cases of misconduct by public servants, cases of cheating, embezzlement and fraud.
  •  CBI is also entrusted with the investigation of international crime cases in collaboration with INTERPOL.

National Crime Recrps’Bureau (NCRB)

  •  It was established in 1986.
  •  Its objective is to collect crime statistics at the national level, information of inter-state and international criminals to help investigation agencies.

Rapid Action Force (RAF)

  •  It was established in 1992.
  •  Under the operational command of CRPF.
  •  10 battalions of the CRPF have been reoriented for tackling communal riots in the country

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